Assembly Language – 1C Plus Plus Street http://1cplusplusstreet.com/ Thu, 26 May 2022 15:04:10 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default.png Assembly Language – 1C Plus Plus Street http://1cplusplusstreet.com/ 32 32 The short session of the General Assembly is in full swing https://1cplusplusstreet.com/the-short-session-of-the-general-assembly-is-in-full-swing/ Thu, 26 May 2022 14:00:00 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/the-short-session-of-the-general-assembly-is-in-full-swing/ CN’s General Assembly resumed on Monday. The North Carolina General Assembly began its first full week Monday with a slate of committee meetings and 18 bills already introduced. The Legislature has accelerated plans to “pre-negotiate” the budget and be released by July 1. Still, important issues are on the to-do list, such as reports on […]]]>

CN’s General Assembly resumed on Monday.

The North Carolina General Assembly began its first full week Monday with a slate of committee meetings and 18 bills already introduced.

The Legislature has accelerated plans to “pre-negotiate” the budget and be released by July 1. Still, important issues are on the to-do list, such as reports on access to health care and parental involvement in education.

Lawmakers swung the hammer in the short session just months after the longest session in state history ended in March. Both the Senate and the House would like to keep the short session short, especially after the long marathon session and for those campaigning for the general election in November.

“Members, it’s good to see everyone again,” said House Speaker Tim Moore, R-Cleveland, opening the session last week. “I just feel like it hasn’t been that long since we were here, still in the long session. Now we are finally in the short session. My hope is as true as the word ‘long session’ was, I hope this time the word really is a short session as well. »

The Senate followed a similar plan, in and out in less than two minutes.

Monday, the senses. Brent Jackson, R-Sampson, Norman Sanderson, R-Craven and Mike Woodard, D-Durham introduced Senate Bill 762, the North Carolina Farm Bill of 2022, which includes a measure to permanently phase out hemp controlled areas. substance list.

Significant bills that have been introduced in the House include Bill 1005. Republican Representatives Jamie Boles, Ted Davis, Allen McNeill and Carson Smith are the main sponsors of the bill which would lead to tougher criminal penalties, including prison terms of up to 15 years. years for certain offences.

House Bill 1014, sponsored by Rep. Ashton Wheeler Clemmons, D-Guilford, would allocate $10 million from the Opioid Reduction Reserve to create an institute at UNC-Greensboro that would prevent and treat opioid abuse.

Moore said the House should begin voting on bills the week of May 23.

He said House leaders were trying to pre-negotiate the budget with the Senate as much as they could to speed up the process — calling it “reverse engineering” — starting with a conference report and by solving it. Usually, the legislature starts with a House budget and a Senate budget and puts it all together. Then they end with a conference report, which represents a joint House-Senate compromise.

“If we can try to identify these issues now and fix them, that’s the president’s intention,” he said. “We’ve certainly been here enough last year and this year that I think we can make it a little more efficient process. We will ask members to speak with the Credit Chairs if you have a specific request on things you want to work on.

Appropriation chairs lead the House and Senate budget drafting committees.

Despite its brevity, the short session appears to be filled with important agenda items from both sides of the aisle. This comes as revised forecasts recently released by state government economists indicated that the state will have $6.2 billion in additional revenue through the end of the next fiscal year.

“Employment in the state had returned to pre-pandemic levels by the summer of 2021 and, as of March 2022, was already above our pre-pandemic forecast,” the revised Fiscal Research Division forecast said. of the General Assembly and the Governor’s Office of the State Budget.

“Nevertheless, consumer demand outpaced inflation as consumers continued to spend savings accumulated during the pandemic.”

Inflation jumped in March to reach its highest level since January 1982, at 8.5%.

“We will continue the Republican-led policies that have created a stable economic climate and balanced state budgets in North Carolina while avoiding efforts by state Democrats to replicate the misguided approach of the Biden administration,” he said. said Senate Leader Phil Berger, R-Rockingham. “The Biden administration’s disastrous economic policies have destroyed family budgets and introduced terms like ‘inflation’, ‘stagflation’ and ‘supply chain disruption’ into our daily conversations. Given that Democrats have made a recession more likely over the next 12-24 months, we will look to ensure the state has the resources to weather an economic downturn.

Berger said there would also be discussions about access to health care and parental involvement in education. He hopes to wrap up the short session as soon as possible, possibly by July 1.

Legislature Democrats share some of those priorities, but have a broader list of goals for the session.

“During the short session, House Democrats want to continue the work to expand opportunities for all North Carolinians,” Rep. Robert Reives, D-Chatham, said in a statement emailed to the Carolina Journal. . “We really want to expand broadband access both by investing in infrastructure and in digital literacy efforts to help all North Carolina residents and small businesses benefit. We want to keep trying to save rural healthcare by helping hospitals stay open, increasing the number of healthcare professionals in these areas, reducing healthcare costs and creating greater accessibility. for everyone.

Reives also said Democrats would like to fully fund the state’s public education systems so residents can take advantage of the many job opportunities.

Sports betting and medical marijuana are some of the issues that will likely be covered in the short session.

***

A comprehensive marijuana legalization and regulation bill was introduced in the Senate on Monday that would allow people age 21 and older to legally possess a small amount of the drug. Senate Bill 765 was introduced by Sen. Toby Fitch, D-Wilson.

At 69 pages, it’s more thorough than a similar 2021 cannabis legalization proposal, House Bill 617. This 19-page bill was introduced in 2021 with Rep. Pricey Harrison, D-Guilford, as one of the four main sponsors and Rep. Amber Baker, D-Forsyth, as one of 13 co-sponsors.

HB617 was sent to the Rules and Operations Committee, where it was shelved for the 2021 session.

Lawmakers’ latest attempt to legalize cannabis is expected to meet a similar fate given strong opposition from Republican leaders in North Carolina.

North Carolina is one of six states where all use of marijuana is illegal, along with Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, South Carolina and Wyoming. This includes banning the use of medical marijuana.

The main focus of the latest cannabis proposal is the sale, possession and use of marijuana, although a section covers the legal use of industrial hemp.

People aged 21 and over could possess up to two ounces of marijuana.

Anyone possessing more than two ounces in a public place could be subject to a civil fine of up to $25.

However, anyone with more than a pound of marijuana could be convicted of a Class F felony and face a fine of up to $250,000.

It would be illegal for anyone to sell or supply marijuana products to anyone under the age of 21. It would be illegal to transport marijuana in an open container or for a driver or passengers to consume marijuana in a moving vehicle.

The bill includes agreements on how retail marijuana would be sold, including packaging warning labels about health effects, as well as marketing restrictions.

The bill contains language dealing with the use and manufacture of edible marijuana products.

It calls for a cannabis business loan fund to support retail marijuana sellers, while allowing financial institutions to provide financial services to those sellers.

The bill would allow anyone 21 or older to grow up to two mature marijuana plants and up to two immature marijuana plants “for personal use in their place of residence.”

Plants should be grown indoors and not visible to the public without the use of planes, binoculars or other optical aids.

Each mature and immature plant should have a legible tag that includes the owner’s name, driver’s license or ID number, and a note that the marijuana is grown for personal home use.

Anyone found guilty of violating these regulations could be subject to a Class 1 felony.

There is also a section on how law enforcement officers would enforce the provisions of the law.

The bill would create a state cannabis control commission that would oversee “a uniform system of control over the sale, purchase, transportation, manufacture, consumption, and possession of marijuana in Carolina.” of the North, and would provide procedures to ensure the proper administration of marijuana laws”. under a uniform system across the state.

The commission would have an executive director, a board of directors, and employees from the North Carolina Department of Public Safety.

The commission’s authority would supersede any local ordinance or resolution regulating the retail sale of marijuana or marijuana products at retail, including licensing, inspections, manufacturing and testing.

There would also be a Cannabis Public Health Advisory Council.

The bill would contain a 21% state tax on all retail marijuana, retail marijuana products, marijuana accessories, and all non-retail marijuana and related products.

There would be exceptions to the tax, including on cannabis oil for treatment, as permitted by state law.

Local municipalities could apply up to 3% additional tax on marijuana products.

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Bearsville Center seeks approval for limited outdoor music https://1cplusplusstreet.com/bearsville-center-seeks-approval-for-limited-outdoor-music/ Tue, 24 May 2022 13:58:58 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/bearsville-center-seeks-approval-for-limited-outdoor-music/ Outdated zoning and conflicting noise regulations may put a damper on Bearsville Center’s outdoor music plans and the frustrated Woodstock Planning Board says its hands are tied. Resort owner Lizzie Vann told planners she was seeking a special use permit for Memorial Day weekend, July 4, a date in August and Labor Day weekend to […]]]>

Outdated zoning and conflicting noise regulations may put a damper on Bearsville Center’s outdoor music plans and the frustrated Woodstock Planning Board says its hands are tied.

Resort owner Lizzie Vann told planners she was seeking a special use permit for Memorial Day weekend, July 4, a date in August and Labor Day weekend to have music outdoors. “It’s different from what we did during the pandemic period, because at that time it was not necessary to apply for a permit. We were, some weekends, taking things outside. But we decided to limit it to these five weekends. Most of the time it’s just a one-day use, in fact an afternoon, rather than several days,” Vann said at the May 19 Planning Board meeting. . “We are very aware of the concerns of our neighbors and all the work that has been done on noise, music and Woodstock.”

Planners ultimately voted to approve her Special Use Permit on the condition that she obtain permits from the city for each event. The responsibility then rests with the city building or police department to deal with any noise complaints.

Vann said he’s installed a temporary outdoor stage that will be electronically linked to internet-monitorable decibel meters where everyone, including musicians, the city and law enforcement officials, can see the levels. “We will also rely on the musicians themselves, who I know may be a little optimistic, but they will have screens in front of them that will change from green to red if they exceed the level of decibels that we have given them. fixed,” Vann said. “Plus, our sound tech will be aware of it and he can control it from his mobile iPad that he’s walking around with.”

In the backyard next to the theater, Vann said the plan is to install private listening “pods” containing speakers that are at a low enough level that only occupants can hear sound.

“We believe that we can produce sound on stage that falls between 70 and 80 decibels. So we’ll try to make sure it works, and if it doesn’t work, we’ll find another solution,” Vann said. “We don’t want to be a nuisance to our neighbours, but we also need to be commercially viable.”

All outside music will be acoustic, so there will be no drums or electric bass, she said.

But outdoor amplified music is not permitted in the Neighborhood Commercial Area and permitting such use may be outside the authority of the Planning Board. This restriction is in addition to the citywide Noise Ordinance, which prohibits excessive or unreasonable noise levels.

Unable to bypass zoning

“The problem is that there are two provisions of the code which, as I read them, are binding on us and we need to address them,” Planning Council co-chairman Stuart Lipkind said. “There are sound limits set in code for various zoning districts in the city and for NC, the neighborhood commercial district where the Bearsville Center is located, the code states that any noise coming from a property in that location will not can exceed 64 decibels from 7 a.m. at 9 p.m. or after 9 p.m., it’s 60 decibels.

Colony Woodstock, which also requires permission for outdoor music, is in a different area, but its decibel limits are the same.

“My understanding is that this is about a normal level of conversation, and if you’re looking for a commercially viable musical arrangement, you’ll have to go above those levels,” Lipkind added. “As a planning board, I don’t know how we can grant permission for something that exceeds the standards prescribed by the code.” He suggested that a waiver from the Zoning Appeal Board might be the right solution.

The other issue that concerned Lipkind was the general standard for a Special Use Permit, which states that all activities involving amplified sound must take place entirely within a structure or structures. “So how do we have the power to allow amplified sound outdoors? Doesn’t the code clearly say it has to be inside? »

Planning Council member Judith Kerman agreed that the language is absolute. “I think it’s one of those things where somebody wasn’t thinking about who Woodstock is when they wrote the code. But it’s there. And we can’t do it unilaterally,” she said. declared.

Vann pointed out the practical impossibility of decibel limits in code. “I use my decibel meter to listen to you while you’re here. And you speak between 70 and 84 decibels, which is higher than 64 decibels,” Vann said.

Lipkind noted whether music is amplified or not, it must always stay within decibel limits, an obstacle that puts Vann in a dilemma.

“What do you advise us to do, then?” I don’t understand,” Vann said.

“Because what you’re saying is that if someone is talking at home, at 70 decibels, and we’re at 68 decibels, because it’s more than 64 decibels, we shouldn’t be allowed to do music, even if it’s acoustic music. ,” she added. “It just seems crazy, it doesn’t seem to allow anything outside. A truck driving on 212 is going to be 80 or 90 decibels.

Lipkind agreed, but didn’t believe there was any flexibility. “It’s not my preference, but I don’t know how we can ignore it. And also one of our concerns is that we don’t want to discriminate against one business owner over another. We try to have an impartial approach that respects everyone.

Kerman cited an exception in the noise ordinance that refers to “noise from individually sponsored events where a public assembly permit or other approval has been obtained from the city.” She conceded that there is some contradiction because the regulations governing event permits seem to deal only with selling.

Lipkind countered that the event permit provision only waived the restrictions of the noise ordinance. It does not deal with the zoning code. “It looks like the next step for you might be in the meantime, while this is being arbitrated, to seek a discrepancy with the Zoning Board of Appeals,” Planning Board member Conor Wenk told Vann. “I can’t tell you if it would be successful or not, but it would probably be the next step in terms of mining outside of one of the boundaries that we’re talking about right now.”

More tips needed

Vann again asked for help. “We really, really need advice on this, guys. We have gone through two and a half years of renovation. We have gone through two years of a pandemic. We really have to be viable. We have to have events outside because that’s what the public wants,” Vann said.

“What we’re up against, Liz, is that there are lawyers quoting us the same codes that we just talked about, representing clients, who are citizens of this city, who are complaining about the noise “said Peter Cross, chairman of the planning board. mentioned.

“How many noise complaints have there been in Bearsville? Vann asked. “I think three people are basically bankrupting us. And that means the city is not taking care of one of its occupants, which is us, who employ a lot of people… There will probably be around 50 people employed here by the end of it. of this year, and we pay a lot of tax. So we don’t have any kind of advice at this point, let alone support from the city, because I think three people regularly file complaints.

Cross suggested that the Planning Board approve the outdoor stage and other structures on a trial basis and if Bearsville Center is cited for exceeding noise levels, it’s a problem with the city’s building department.

Planning Council member John LaValle agreed. “The difficulty here is that it hasn’t been fixed for 40 years. It needs to be fixed at the city council level,” he said. “To allow these organizations to move forward… It’s is the only viable path we have. Because at this point the law does not work.

With the exception of Lipkind, who said he was opposed to approving an application in direct zoning violation, the planning board all voted to approve the special use permit on the condition that Bearsville Center obtain an event permit for days when music is to be performed.

Colony Woodstock, another music club in town, recently came up with a plan for its beer garden with specialized directional speakers. The Planning Board has chosen to approve the space and will address the issue of sound at another time. Similar to the Bearsville Center, amplified music may require a city-issued event permit on a case-by-case basis.

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NASA programmer recalls debugging Lisp in deep space https://1cplusplusstreet.com/nasa-programmer-recalls-debugging-lisp-in-deep-space/ Sun, 22 May 2022 13:05:27 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/nasa-programmer-recalls-debugging-lisp-in-deep-space/ Debugging software that’s running 100 million miles is something most of us will never have to do, thankfully. But a former NASA programmer, software engineer Ron Garret, shared his experience diagnosing faulty LISP software during a Deep Space spacecraft mission, in a recent episode of Adam Gordon Bell’s Corecursive podcast. . Garret shared a remarkable […]]]>

Debugging software that’s running 100 million miles is something most of us will never have to do, thankfully. But a former NASA programmer, software engineer Ron Garret, shared his experience diagnosing faulty LISP software during a Deep Space spacecraft mission, in a recent episode of Adam Gordon Bell’s Corecursive podcast. .

Garret shared a remarkable story about debugging in deep space – as well as some memories from the early days of programming. Along the way, Garret offered a refreshing perspective on what has changed – and what hasn’t changed – in the world of programming. Garret also explored the unique challenges of writing code for a spacecraft.

And he remembered his starring role in a truly glorious moment in Lisp history.

Powerful User

Garret had worked as a research scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 1988 to 2000, and again from 2001 to 2004. Garret’s specialty: autonomous mobile robots. He helped pioneer what is today the de facto standard autonomous mobile robot control architecture.

Garret’s team worked on prototypes for the Mars Sojourner robotic rover.

On the podcast, Garret described the very limited programming options in 1988 – a world before Java, Python, JavaScript, and even C++. “There’s Pascal and C and Basic and machine code. And that’s about it in terms of popular languages. Doing anything in one of these languages ​​is really very difficult. The code for most spacecraft ended up being written in assembly language.

But then there was Lisp – a language based on the clean abstraction of problems into lists and functions. And while C programmers worry about things like dangling pointers, Lisp also has automatic memory management. “It’s so much faster and easier to get things done when the language you’re using provides you with some of these high-level abstractions,” Garret recalls on the podcast. “And in a world where the only language that has that is Lisp, knowing Lisp really is like a superpower.

With Lisp, “every problem becomes a compiler problem”

“It just blew everything else out of the water at the time.”

At the time, Lisp wasn’t really used at NASA.

“There was quite a bit of prejudice against Lisp because it was weird and unfamiliar, and it had this weird garbage-collecting technology that you never knew when it would stop your process in its tracks,” Garrett recalls.

Garret’s group found it useful for memory-limited hardware. Lisp could be used to fashion a custom language specifically for the problem at hand and then compile it for the robot hardware. Or, as Bell puts it, “every problem becomes a compiler problem”. Garret’s team painstakingly wrote and tested their code on a robot simulator (on a Macintosh computer) before installing it in the real rover and performing a time-consuming test in the Arroyo.

Despite the code base developed by the group, when the Sojourner rover reached Mars it was powered by C code.

Yet in 1998, a new NASA director launched NASA’s New Millennium Project – a pilot program to demonstrate different (and cheaper) technologies, through a number of deep space exploration missions. .

This meant their Lisp code had a second life, Garret recalls on the podcast. The autonomy technology that the team had started developing for the rovers was repurposed. His new mission? Flight controller.

Garret’s team worked on innovative decision-making software – using a custom language written in Lisp specifically designed to avoid the possibility of a dreaded “race condition” (where two concurrently executing threads fight for the same memory space). “It was tested for days and days and days” – on exactly the same hardware was going into space. “So we were very confident that it was going to work.

“And it didn’t work…”

Deep Space Failure

Garret explains that during their three days of flight control, “there was a time when he was supposed to do something and that time passed and he didn’t do what he was supposed to do. And the alarm bells rang…

“Now that code that has proven to be dead-end appears to be frozen 150 million miles from home.”

It was a tense situation. “We had no idea what was going on…. And everything we did when we decided to do something, we did it and then we sat and waited an hour for the result. After a team in a conference room reached a consensus, their orders “went through a review process consisting of a number of levels of management, all of whom had to approve it.”

Once approvals were obtained, the commands were transmitted via a dedicated wired network to one of the Deep Space Network’s 70-meter-wide antennas, which sent the commands into space at the speed of light…”

They first asked for a backtrace – a common programming operation that generates a list of all currently active processes (and, as Garret described it, “what they’re waiting for”.)

“It was actually almost immediately obvious what was wrong because there was this process waiting for something that should have already happened…

“The problem was that there was, in fact, a race condition. Which was supposed to be impossible. Unfortunately, one of Garret’s coders had called a lower level Lisp function – which had inadvertently created “a end of the line around security guarantees” of their carefully tailored language. (Garret blames himself for not explaining this more clearly to the coder.)

The team decided to “manually” trigger the event, which allowed the software to restart.

“We didn’t lose the spacecraft and we achieved all mission objectives – so technically it was a success,” Garret said on the podcast. “But the development process was so painful and fraught with pitfalls – and again there was politics. So despite the fact that we managed to get it to work, the autonomy project was subsequently canceled and it never flew again.

A 2002 essay on Garret’s personal website claims that “Lisp’s disappearance at JPL is a tragedy. The language is particularly well suited to the type of software development that is often done here: unique, highly dynamic applications that must be developed under extremely tight budgets and schedules. »

But Lisp was ignored for C++, then Java, with the rationale given as an attempt to follow “best practices”. Garret’s response? “We confuse best practices with Standard practice. The two are not the same.” And even beyond that, which is ultimately best is not an invariable standard, but should depend on the particulars of the project at hand.

But in a discussion on Hacker News, one commenter identified himself as a NASA engineer who had been the payload software engineer for a 2009 mission exploring the moon’s south pole – and said he had used Lisp to write his own custom language for instrument control. sequences (and to simulate the computer). “Lisp’s simple and flexible syntax and macros made it easy to express command and timing patterns for this.”

So they left Garret with a reassuring thought: “I think Lisp is still being used in various nooks and crannies at NASA.”


Feature image by NASA/JPL, public domain.

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Sound Generation Board is doing the tunes https://1cplusplusstreet.com/sound-generation-board-is-doing-the-tunes/ Fri, 20 May 2022 23:00:00 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/sound-generation-board-is-doing-the-tunes/ [Mcjack123] recently got into chiptunes and realized his initial interest started in 2018 when he used an Arduino to turn a TI-84 calculator into a sound machine. His latest iteration is a custom designed soundboard and he walks us through its design and construction in a recent article. The work models classic sound generators like […]]]>

[Mcjack123] recently got into chiptunes and realized his initial interest started in 2018 when he used an Arduino to turn a TI-84 calculator into a sound machine. His latest iteration is a custom designed soundboard and he walks us through its design and construction in a recent article.

The work models classic sound generators like the 2A03 or the Commodore 64 SID. You have a bunch of simple waveform generators as well as filters and modulators to create various effects. These boards eventually gave way to FM synthesis devices like the Yamaha OPL2 and OPL3 chips. All of these cards accepted commands and generated audio on their own. More modern cards are more likely to simply convert digital computer data to audio.

The first attempt was with a Raspberry Pi Pico. It worked to some extent, but the code was too slow to run multiple channels at once. The CPU itself is pretty fast, so there might have been a way to make it happen, but instead decided to go a different route.

The final product used several PIC chips as generators and analog circuitry to mix it. To get the timing right, PICs use assembly language. A fun project if you like chiptunes.

We see a lot of fun chiptune projects. Some of them are quite tiny.

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Jharkhand Governor Denies Assent to SC/ST Seniority Bill | Latest India News https://1cplusplusstreet.com/jharkhand-governor-denies-assent-to-sc-st-seniority-bill-latest-india-news/ Wed, 18 May 2022 19:16:43 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/jharkhand-governor-denies-assent-to-sc-st-seniority-bill-latest-india-news/ Jharkhand Governor Ramesh Bais on Wednesday sent the Attorney General of India a bill passed by the state legislature in March to facilitate the promotion of state government employees belonging to the tribe and to caste listed on the basis of seniority. {{^userSubrated}} {{/userSubrated}} The “Extension of Consecutive Seniority of Jharkhand to Civil Servants promoted […]]]>

Jharkhand Governor Ramesh Bais on Wednesday sent the Attorney General of India a bill passed by the state legislature in March to facilitate the promotion of state government employees belonging to the tribe and to caste listed on the basis of seniority.


The “Extension of Consecutive Seniority of Jharkhand to Civil Servants promoted on the Basis of Reservations to Positions in the State Utilities Bill, 2022” was passed by the State Assembly during the March 24 budget session.

The assembly gave its approval to the bill even as the opposition Bharatiya Janata (BJP) party and the Jharkhand Students Union or AJSU party demanded that it be first sent to a select committee for a detailed discussion.

According to the bill, “consecutive seniority” refers to “a government employee’s seniority which shall be determined from the date of promotion.” If allowed, it would affect the promotion of about 50,000 SC/ST workers in state government, officials familiar with the matter said.


The bill was drafted based on a report by a committee formed by the state government to quantify and evaluate SC/ST employee representation with the aim of providing reservation in the promotion. The bill was authorized by the state attorney general.

After its passage in March, the bill was sent to the governor for consent during the last week of April, officials familiar with the matter said. The governor, however, raised questions about the method used by the committee to quantify the data and decided to seek the legal opinion of India’s Attorney General, KK Venugopal, they added.

“The quantifiable data collected by the commission on the basis of which the bill was passed does not appear to be consistent with a Supreme Court ruling on a related issue. The Governor has therefore decided to send the Bill to the Attorney General of India for legal opinion,” a senior Raj Bhawan official said, speaking on condition of anonymity.


It is the fifth state government bill to which the governor has decided to withhold consent in recent months. Four bills approved by the state assembly, including one against mob lynching, were sent back to the state due to alleged differences in the English and Hindi versions of the bill. The government was ordered to make the changes and have them re-approved by the Assembly.

Jharkhand Congress Speaker Rajesh Thakur has called the governor’s continued refusal to give his assent to the bills “unfortunate”.

“These developments are regrettable. Our governor served in the Lok Sabha for a very long time and was also a minister. He must therefore be aware of the serious things. Rather than pointing out small language errors in various subclauses of the bill, he should look at the big picture. For example, in the agricultural products taxation bill, it would be more constructive to see if the bill would benefit farmers than to send it back just because there is a difference in language,” a- he declared.


“This government does not mean business. Or else they wouldn’t send invoice after invoice without even checking what they are translating. They don’t have experts to tell them that this could have legal consequences. They send bills to the governor just for fun,” Jharkhand BJP spokesman Pratul Shahdeo said.

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UK decision to tear up protocol could jeopardize Brexit trade deal, says Coveney https://1cplusplusstreet.com/uk-decision-to-tear-up-protocol-could-jeopardize-brexit-trade-deal-says-coveney/ Mon, 16 May 2022 11:03:11 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/uk-decision-to-tear-up-protocol-could-jeopardize-brexit-trade-deal-says-coveney/ A move by the UK government to unilaterally cancel the Northern Ireland Protocol could put the wider Brexit trade deal at risk, the Foreign Secretary has warned. Simon Coveney has urged Boris Johnson to commit to continuing his engagement with the EU to resolve the Irish Sea trade dispute, rather than breaking international law by […]]]>

A move by the UK government to unilaterally cancel the Northern Ireland Protocol could put the wider Brexit trade deal at risk, the Foreign Secretary has warned.

Simon Coveney has urged Boris Johnson to commit to continuing his engagement with the EU to resolve the Irish Sea trade dispute, rather than breaking international law by acting alone.

Tensions between London and Brussels are escalating over the prospect that Mr Johnson will use national legislation from Westminster to override parts of the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement which require checks on goods moving between Britain and North Ireland.

British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss is expected to formally announce a plan on Tuesday to legislate the protocol, although an actual parliamentary bill is not expected to be released then.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is visiting Northern Ireland on Monday. Photo: PA

Mr Coveney’s comments came ahead of Mr Johnson’s visit to Northern Ireland on Monday for emergency talks with political leaders in Stormont in a bid to break the deadlock caused by the protocol.

Power-sharing institutions in Belfast have been plunged into crisis following recent Assembly elections, with the DUP refusing to reinstate a devolved government in protest at trade deals which the party says undermine the union.

The EU has made it clear that unilateral action by the UK to withdraw from the protocol agreement would represent a clear breach of international law.

Mr Coveney, who was in Brussels on Monday, warned that the whole UK-EU trade and cooperation agreement – ​​the ATT – could be jeopardized if Mr Johnson took unilateral action on the protocol.

“This is a moment of calm, this is a moment of dialogue, this is a moment of compromise and partnership between the EU and the UK to resolve these outstanding issues,” he said. to journalists.

“If this is the approach taken by the UK Government, we can make significant progress and we can make progress quickly in addressing the concerns of the business and trade union community in Northern Ireland.

“This alternative is a unilateral action which means tension, resentment, impasses, legal challenges and of course calls into question the functioning of the ACT itself, because the ACT and the Withdrawal Agreement are linked, they rely one over the other.

“It’s the last thing Europe needs right now, when we’re working so well together in the face of Russian aggression and responding to the support Ukraine needs right now.”

Visit Johnson

Ahead of his visit to the North, where he will meet with the five main parties at Hillsborough Castle, Mr Johnson insisted he was not in favor of scrapping the protocol, but rather amending it to reduce disruption to the Irish Sea trade.

The 1998 Good Friday Peace Agreement contains provisions to protect and develop relations both on a north/south basis on the island of Ireland and on an east/west basis between the island and the Britain.

Mr Johnson says the protocol has upset this “delicate balance” of unionist and nationalist aspirations by undermining the East/West dynamic.

In a Belfast Telegraph article, Mr Johnson said the UK would have a ‘need to act’ if the EU was unwilling to reach a compromise in the growing row over the protocol.

However, he stressed that the government remained open to a “genuine dialogue” with the European Commission.

He said the protocol was negotiated in “good faith”, adding that “those who want to scrap the protocol, rather than seek change, are focusing on the wrong thing.”

Discord over protocol will not be Mr Johnson’s only focus on Monday, as he will also use his visit to promise the delivery of three pre-existing commitments: a stalled language and culture package; ensure that women and girls have full access to abortion services; and the introduction of new measures to deal with the legacy of the past.

The protocol, agreed by the UK and EU to keep trade flowing across the border, requires customs and regulatory checks on the movement of goods between Britain and Northern Ireland.

British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss is expected to present her intention to legislate the protocol on Tuesday. Photo: PA

This has been the source of resentment and anger among many trade unionists and loyalists who believe the arrangements have weakened the North’s place in the union.

However, a majority of MPs in the newly elected Stormont Assembly represent parties that support keeping the protocol, saying it offers Northern Ireland some protection from the negative economic consequences of Brexit.

They point out that unhindered access for traders from Northern Ireland to sell in the EU single market is a key benefit of the protocol.

The new Assembly was unable to convene due to the DUP’s refusal to commit to the institutions until major changes to protocol were achieved.

The Stormont election saw Sinn Féin displace the DUP to become the largest party in the North for the first time.

The DUP remains the largest unionist party in the region and, under Stormont rules, a new executive can only be formed if they agree to nominate for the post of Deputy Prime Minister.

Ireland

‘Here to stay’ protocol, says O’Neill after meeting…

The DUP has also blocked the appointment of a new Speaker of the Assembly, meaning the Belfast legislature cannot meet while the deadlock continues.

The party has made clear it needs action rather than words on Mr Johnson’s protocol before a return to power-sharing can be tolerated.

Sinn Féin, which is now entitled to the role of prime minister, has accused the DUP of holding northerners to ransom by not allowing Stormont to operate amid a cost of living crisis.

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Govt to boost Deaf sports skills ahead of next Deaflympics cycle https://1cplusplusstreet.com/govt-to-boost-deaf-sports-skills-ahead-of-next-deaflympics-cycle/ Sat, 14 May 2022 18:58:39 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/govt-to-boost-deaf-sports-skills-ahead-of-next-deaflympics-cycle/ CAXIAS, Brazil, May 14 – The Government of Kenya is committed to building capacity in a bid to sustain the country’s fortunes at the 2025 Summer Olympics to be held in Japan. The bottom line, according to the State Department for Culture and Heritage Principal Secretary Josephta Mukobe, is to field a stronger, bigger and […]]]>

CAXIAS, Brazil, May 14 – The Government of Kenya is committed to building capacity in a bid to sustain the country’s fortunes at the 2025 Summer Olympics to be held in Japan.

The bottom line, according to the State Department for Culture and Heritage Principal Secretary Josephta Mukobe, is to field a stronger, bigger and more experienced Deaf contingent for the next cycle of the Deaflympics.

Speaking from Caxius Do Sul, Brazil, where the Kenyan is represented in women’s football, athletics, handball and women’s basketball, Mukobe stressed the need for capacity building in all deaf sports to ensure that more teams reach qualifying standards well in time for 2025.

“Our distance runners have done well, but there are other sporting activities that we have not qualified. And so our role is to go back to the drawing board and identify the other sporting activities that are not not up to standard.

Principal Secretary of State for the Department of Culture and Heritage Josephta Mukobe speaking to the media in Caxias do Sul, Brazil during the 24th Summer Olympics after Kenya swept the top four spots in the men’s final of 10,000m. Photo/KELLY AYODI

“We will strive to educate the deaf community so that quality is injected into all disciplines ahead of the next cycle of the Games. So in 2025, we can have more disciplines entered by Team Kenya than the six we were competing in this edition,” Mukobe explained.

Mukobe expressed satisfaction with how the athletes performed, adding, “We came here to perform. We did not come to see the trees. Yes, we admire trees; this country is well populated with trees but our reason to come here is to win medals.

Kenya won silver in the women’s 4 X 400m relay at the 24th Summer Deaflympics in Caxias do Sul, Brazil. Photo/KELLY AYODI

“I am thrilled with the performance of the Kenyans, especially when we secured the top four spots in the 10,000m race. The Deaflympics show that Kenya takes all sports seriously and especially sports with disabled people.

Mukobe noted that the government wants people with disabilities to feel part of sports activities in the country.

“We took the initiative to identify and develop this Deaflympics team so that they could come and play internationally with other people with deaf disabilities. But we also have a long-term plan to inject quality and substance.

-Makau Chairman of the Sports Committee of the National Assembly-

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Kenya Athletics Team at Deaflympics in Brazil, posing photo with Culture and Heritage PS Josephta Mukobe, Patrick Makau who is the President of the National Sports and Tourism Assembly, Kenya Ambassador to Brazil Lemarron Kaanto as well as State Department of Sports Administration Secretary Josephine Onunga. Photo/KELLY AYODI

Patrick Makau, chairman of the National Assembly’s Committee on Sports, Culture and Tourism, on his part noted that the introduction of the Sports Fund has elevated sport to desirable levels.

Makau said: “We’ve seen progress in team management and funding. I’ve listened to most of the athletes and players and I’m glad they’re all in good spirits.”

Makau noted that Kenya is doing a lot to try to develop all sports at all levels

Photo/KELY AYODI

“There has been a significant growth of Deaflympics and Paralympics, and one thing I want to add is that in Parliament we have sponsored sign language, we are trying to adopt it to be taught as a basic language in primary schools, so that society can get used to using sign language and help the public embrace the deaf community. Because I think that around the world, sign language becomes the order of the day.

-Alex Isaboke reports from Caxias do Sul, Brazil-

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Homeless Navigation Center Resolution Approved at Anchorage Assembly https://1cplusplusstreet.com/homeless-navigation-center-resolution-approved-at-anchorage-assembly/ Wed, 11 May 2022 18:47:00 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/homeless-navigation-center-resolution-approved-at-anchorage-assembly/ ANCHORAGE, Alaska (KTUU) – Debates got a bit heated Tuesday at the regular Anchorage Assembly meeting between assembly members and those in attendance, but by the end of the night the assembly passed an amended resolution for a navigation center for the homeless by 6 votes to 4. Discussion of a resolution reallocating funds and […]]]>

ANCHORAGE, Alaska (KTUU) – Debates got a bit heated Tuesday at the regular Anchorage Assembly meeting between assembly members and those in attendance, but by the end of the night the assembly passed an amended resolution for a navigation center for the homeless by 6 votes to 4.

Discussion of a resolution reallocating funds and spending about $6.2 million on a shelter and navigation center to help address homelessness has been contentious in recent weeks. Total appropriations were reduced from $8.2 million to $6.2 million by removing the $2 million in Alaska Community Foundation appropriations.

At the last meeting of the assembly, the size of this shelter was reduced from a capacity of 200 beds to 150 beds. An amendment is also attached to the resolution that requires a commitment from the administration to operate the Golden Lion property as a processing facility as a condition of effective ownership. Some community members present also had mixed feelings about this project.

“I’m sorry, I might be biased against homelessness because I’m not homeless and I pay for it,” said Fairview resident Juli Lindberg. “I think we need to keep them near the tracks and move them to where the Aboriginal hospital was. As we move them through our neighborhoods, they’ll just take over.

Earlier in the meeting, the assembly also passed a resolution supporting the resettlement of displaced Ukrainians in Alaska through the Ukraine Relief program. The assembly will also have a special meeting on Friday to discuss taking action on the mayor’s vetoes to first-quarter budget revisions approved by the assembly.

The agenda included everything from reclaiming funds to solving homelessness to helping Ukrainian refugees.

However, the element that angered was an introductory order designed, according to its author, to hold public officials accountable. Some believe the order is directed against Anchorage Mayor Dave Bronson.

The order was presented by the Deputy Speaker of the Assembly, Christopher Constant. The ordinance contains language and 13 provisions for which a mayor can be removed from office.

In recent months, Constant and other members of the assembly have criticized the mayor, in particular for not following the budget approved by the assembly. The introductory order was passed, so it will move to a future public hearing, but assembly members Jamie Allard and Randy Sulte wanted the article postponed indefinitely, and some of those present agreed.

“I am appalled that you want to overrule the decision of 45,937 Anchorage voters, mine included, and even introduce such an impeachment order for my mayor,” said Sandy, a public witness.

Copyright 2022 KTUU. All rights reserved.

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Proposed ordinance for Anchorage Assembly would establish mayoral impeachment process https://1cplusplusstreet.com/proposed-ordinance-for-anchorage-assembly-would-establish-mayoral-impeachment-process/ Mon, 09 May 2022 23:37:01 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/proposed-ordinance-for-anchorage-assembly-would-establish-mayoral-impeachment-process/ Anchorage Mayor Dave Bronson at a special Assembly meeting Thursday, Oct. 14, 2021. (Jeff Chen/Alaska Public Media) The Anchorage Assembly is set to consider an ordinance that would establish a process for impeachment of a mayor, if the mayor breaches the public trust. The order follows months of conflict between the largely progressive Assembly and […]]]>

Anchorage Mayor Dave Bronson at a special Assembly meeting Thursday, Oct. 14, 2021. (Jeff Chen/Alaska Public Media)

The Anchorage Assembly is set to consider an ordinance that would establish a process for impeachment of a mayor, if the mayor breaches the public trust.

The order follows months of conflict between the largely progressive Assembly and Mayor Dave Bronson, a staunch conservative, since taking office in July.

Assembly Deputy Speaker Chris Constant authored the ordinance. He says there is already language in the city code to remove members of the Assembly and the school board. His ordinance creates that language for the mayor.

“It’s exactly the same standard that the Assembly is held to, which was established in 1993,” Constant said. “There’s nothing new here except that we’re adding this to the executive branch.”

Currently, the only way to remove a mayor is through a recall election, which Constant says his ordinance would not interfere with.

Actions that would constitute a breach of public trust include perjury, asking a municipal employee to break the law, refusing to follow an enacted ordinance, or a “material” violation of municipal law.

The legal process to remove the mayor would require the approval of a charging document by the Assembly or the municipal ethics board, followed by a legal review conducted by the municipal prosecutor or a neutral third-party attorney. If the charges are found to have merit, the mayor will have a lawyer defend them against the charges.

Constant says there have been several instances during Mayor Dave Bronson’s tenure where he believes the mayor violated the code, including firing the chief equity officer without cause and not sticking to the budget passed by the Assembly for about four months. However, he says his order would not consider those actions retroactively.

“It’s not the intention, in fact, to impeach the mayor,” Constant said. “He intends to establish a set of clear line principles so the mayor can understand where the lines should not cross.”

Bronson administration officials did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

The ordinance is expected to be presented at the Assembly meeting on Tuesday evening.

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The UNSC waters down its statement on Ukraine and opens a window https://1cplusplusstreet.com/the-unsc-waters-down-its-statement-on-ukraine-and-opens-a-window/ Sun, 08 May 2022 01:07:24 +0000 https://1cplusplusstreet.com/the-unsc-waters-down-its-statement-on-ukraine-and-opens-a-window/ TEN weeks after the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the United Nations Security Council issued its first presidential statement on Saturday morning – adopted by consensus, including Russia – which did not mention “war”, nor ” conflict” or “invasion”. Instead, he called the dispute a “dispute.” This is the first statement adopted unanimously […]]]>

TEN weeks after the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the United Nations Security Council issued its first presidential statement on Saturday morning – adopted by consensus, including Russia – which did not mention “war”, nor ” conflict” or “invasion”. Instead, he called the dispute a “dispute.”

This is the first statement adopted unanimously by the UNSC, and it is significant that it took place under the American presidency – it holds the rotating presidency of the UNSC in May – and that Russia is attached to language widely perceived to be significantly “watered down”.

The statement comes as Russian forces renewed their attacks across Ukraine on Saturday ahead of Victory Day festivities in Moscow on Monday.

India is a non-permanent member of the UNSC. In his statement, he made two important and new formulations: First, he said that “diplomacy will be a lasting casualty”.

“India remains on the side of peace and therefore believes that there will be no winning side in this conflict and that while those affected by this conflict will continue to suffer, diplomacy will be a lasting casualty,” he said. said India’s permanent representative to the UN, TS Tirumurti. said early Friday.

Second, he said that humanitarian aid to Ukraine should not be subject to food export restrictions. Sources said that while aid from the World Food Program is tax-free, aid from some countries, including India, is subject to taxes. It shouldn’t happen, sources said.

Tirumurti said, “Oil prices are skyrocketing and there is a shortage of food grains and fertilizers. This has had a disproportionate impact on countries in the South and developing countries. We acknowledge the efforts made by the Secretary-General, in particular the findings of the task force of the Global Crisis Response Group. We welcome their recommendation to exempt food purchases by WFP for humanitarian assistance from food export restrictions with immediate effect. It is important that such similar exemptions are granted to all Member States and relevant stakeholders, who contribute to this global humanitarian effort.

The first UNSC statement, which was adopted, states that the Security Council “expresses its deep concern regarding the maintenance of peace and security in Ukraine” and “recalls that all Member States are committed, in under the Charter of the United Nations, to settle their international disputes by peaceful means”.

The four-line statement did not mention the US-led West’s description of events in Ukraine – war, invasion or conflict – nor did it mention the “special military operation”, as Russia describes it.

Russia, which has veto power in the Council, has blocked all past attempts to pass a presidential statement or resolution requiring unanimity.

Sources said it was the “language of compromise” reached after weeks of negotiations. The UNSC also expressed its “strong support” for UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres’ “efforts” to find a peaceful solution to the 10-week “dispute”. He called on António Guterres to inform members “in due time”.

Explain

Putting the United States and Russia on the same page

The UNSC’s first statement on the conflict is seen as a starting point for the talks. Although there are criticisms about the language, it could offer room for diplomacy.

Guterres had recently visited Moscow and kyiv and met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

While securing an agreement for the evacuation of civilians from the besieged southeastern port city of Mariupol and the Azovstal steelworks where the last Ukrainian forces are holding out, this diluted UNSC statement is an effort to calm the temperatures and get the warring parties to start talking, sources said.

A view shows buildings destroyed by shelling, amid the Russian invasion of Ukraine, in Borodianka, in the Kyiv region. (Reuters)

It is also important for the UN Secretary General since the UN has been seen as marginalized amid the conflict in the heart of Europe.

Following the UNSC statement, António Guterres said: “Today, for the first time, the Security Council spoke with one voice for peace in Ukraine…As I have often said, the world must unite to silence the guns and defend the values ​​of the United Nations. Charter.”

Norway and Mexico had drafted and proposed the declaration.

The language of the resolution contrasts sharply with previous resolutions passed at the UN. For example, on March 2, the UN General Assembly voted 141 to 5 with 35 abstentions in favor of a resolution demanding an immediate Russian ceasefire, the withdrawal of all its forces and the protection of all civilians.

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In a similar vote on March 24, he approved a 140-5 resolution with 38 abstentions blaming Russia for the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine and calling for an immediate ceasefire and the protection of millions of civilians. and homes, schools and hospitals essential to their survival. .

On April 7, the General Assembly voted by a narrower margin – 93 to 24 with 58 abstentions – to suspend Russia from the Geneva-based Human Rights Council, the main human rights body. UN, over allegations of horrific rights violations by Russian soldiers in Ukraine, which the United States and Ukraine have called war crimes.

India has consistently abstained in all resolutions so far, trying to maintain a diplomatic balance between the two sides. However, he condemned the killing of civilians in Bucha and called for an independent investigation.

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